Veterinary Drug Handbook (VDH) is the reference veterinarians turn to when they want an independent source of information on the drugs that are used in veterinary medicine today.


Amylase

Digestive enzyme, produced by the pancreas which breaks down carbohydrates and starches. An enzyme produced by the pancreas that contributes to digestion of food. Lack of amylase results in a large amount of greasy stool being passed....

 

Aminoglycoside

A class of antibiotics which act by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis within the bacteria which results in the death of the bacteria. Antibiotics in this class include gentamicin (Gentocin), kanamycin, neomycin, streptomycin, tobramycin, and amikacin. Many of these antibiotics are not...

 

Allergen

Substance that causes an allergic reaction, e.g., pollen. Any inanimate or living object that creates an allergic reaction in an animal....

 

Alopecia

A loss of hair or baldness. Loss of hair....

 

Alkaline

A substance with very few hydrogen ions, and a pH over 7. Lye is strongly alkaline....

 

Albino

An animal that is completely white because it lacks the ability to make pigment. Its eyes are pale blue or pink....

 

Agglutination

Clumping together. An abnormal clumping of red blood cells. Often seen in patients with immune-mediated anemia. An abnormal clumping of red blood cells. Often seen in patients with immune-mediated anemia....

 

Aerobic

Needing oxygen to live. See also anaerobic....

 

Adsorbent

Solid substance which attracts other molecules to its surface....

 

Adrenergic

Communication between the nerves and muscles that uses epinephrine as the 'messenger'. Adrenergic stimulation is what is involved in the 'flight or fight' response, which means the body is alerted to a danger of some sort and prepares to basically run or fight. Adrenergic stimulation results in an...

 

Adrenal Glands

Two small glands near the kidneys that produce many hormones required for life....

 

Adjuvant

A substance added to killed vaccines to stimulate a better immune response by the body. Common adjuvants contain aluminum compounds. A component added to killed vaccines to increase the ability of the vaccine to stimulate an immune response....